The National Youth Development Agency, in collaboration with the Youth and Local Economic Development Offices of the Mossel Bay Municipality, will host a job preparedness workshop and business awareness training programme from 5 to 6 December 2013.

Young people between the ages of 18 and 35 years are invited to attend these capacity building workshops.

Application forms can be obtained from the municipal offices, libraries, LED Office in the Goods Shed, the Municipality’s Youth Office at the Indoor Sports Centre in Samson Street, Extension 23 (next to the Roman Catholic Church) as well as from the community development workers.

Written applications must be accompanied by a CV and certified copy of the applicant’s identity document.

Completed application forms can be submitted to the community development workers or at the LED office at the Goods Shed or at the Youth Office by not later than 10:00 on 29 November 2013.

Enquiries can be addressed to Yolande van Aswegen at (044) 606-5224 or 0822966199 or Sharion Louw at (044) 606-5250 or 0826653533.



Jonathan Livingstone

Practical goals and therapeutic problems

People often present for therapy when they can’t achieve something which they should be able to achieve. This may be delivering a presentation with confidence; having the confidence to say no; being confident in social situations; establishing boundaries; and so on. The client’s goal is tangible and practical.

The therapist obviously can’t directly help the client to achieve a practical goal. The client doesn’t need practical help. She knows intuitively that there’s something in herself that is stopping her from achieving her goal. She needs the therapist’s help to identify and resolve something internal – the therapeutic problem.

Sometimes, where the emotion is part-and-parcel of the practical problem, the therapeutic problem seems more readily identifiable. For example, if someone is suffering from presentation anxiety the emotional aspect of the therapeutic problem, anxiety, is readily identifiable. Why is the person not able to deliver his presentation confidently to an audience? Because he feels extremely anxious.

Very often, however, the emotional aspect of the therapeutic problem is not at all clear. For example, a person may have no idea why he manifests addictive behaviour, or has obsessional thoughts, or can’t bring himself to make decisions. The emotion may not be apparent. Even when the emotion is obvious, the therapeutic problem may be far from being understood – a person may feel sad, upset or angry for no reason he can fathom.

The uncomfortable emotion (such as anxiety, anger, upset) is one aspect of the therapeutic problem. The primary aspect is a negative and limiting belief. This belief is unconscious, and was formed by experience in the past.

Examples of a limiting belief are: I must not make a mistake (or I will be ridiculed); I am unloveable (so I will cut myself off from others to guard against disappointment); I must be approved of by everyone (so I must not speak out); I am of very little significance (so my viewpoint is worthless); I am powerless in the face of others’ anger (so I must avoid conflict); I am a sexual target (so I will make myself fat and ugly); and so on.

Having established the therapeutic problem, the therapeutic task is to uncover the experiences that created it and help the client to navigate these experiences successfully, enabling her to achieve her practical goal in the present.

Jonathan Livingstone MA is author of The Therapist Within You. For an appointment call 079 0199 449; email •


Gifted Moments

“Yesterday is but a memory, tomorrow is but a dream, all we have is the present, which is why it is called a GIFT”
Our modern lives seem to be steeped in distraction allowing little time or space for contemplation of how much we have to appreciate each day. Basic necessities such as a roof over our heads, food on the table and work that enables us to provide are often taken for granted. Our blessings get “lost” in our apparent absorption in past glories or trials, preparing for happiness that always seems to be just around the corner based on “when I have”…..
Few people ever experience “perfect” moments, where they have the ideal job, joyous family relationships, and a supportive social life. Many people are focused so intently on creating the ideal scenario in their external circumstances that internal acknowledgement and appreciation for what is currently present is seldom experienced.
Yet there is an abundance of gifts in almost every moment of each person’s day – your work may not be your dream job, but to the unemployed you have their dream! Your family may squabble and be demanding, but survivors of tragedies would consider you blessed, you may not be perfectly fit, but being able to walk, see, hear, think are all privileges that many people do not have.
It is all a matter of perspective, but taking a step back from perpetual busyness and the consumer lifestyle may feel difficult to achieve. Try to take five minutes out, consciously, twice each day and use your five senses to become completely aware of all the wonderful blessings surrounding you in those moments.
When you realise how each moment of the day is steeped in uncountable riches you are living in the GIFT of the present. The more moments that you can live like this, the more consistently you are creating a past that is a beautiful memory and can look forward to a future that may not be as perfect as you want it to be, but it can be immeasurably better than focusing on all that you don’t and may never have.
There is no way to happiness – happiness is the way. Moment by moment appreciation is only the beginning.
Have a happy week…..moment by moment. •

Ligaments and Tendons: What’s the Diff?

People often talk about tendons and ligaments as if they are the same thing, but these two types of soft tissue actually perform different functions for the body.
A tendon connects muscle to bone. These tough, yet flexible, bands of fibrous tissue attach to the skeletal muscles that move your bones. Tendons essentially enable one to move since they act as intermediaries between the muscles creating the motion of the bones.Untitled-1
I’d say the most famous tendon is the Achilles tendon which connects the muscles of your calf to your heel. Also, if you watch the tops of your hands while you type, you can see your tendons at work. Pretty cool, huh?
So what’s a ligament? If you want to know then read more
Ligaments are similar to tendons, but they connect bone to bone and help to stabilize joints. They are composed mostly of long, stringy collagen fibers creating short bands of tough fibrous connective tissue.
Ligaments are slightly elastic, so they can be stretched to gradually lengthen increasing flexibility. Athletes and dancers stretch their ligaments to make their joints more supple, and to prevent injury.
Here’s a cool fact: The term double-jointed refers to people who have more elastic ligaments.
You might have heard of some of the ligaments found in the knee since they often tear, especially the ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) when skiing. In fact four ligaments connect the tibia (shin bone) to the femur (thigh bone) to provide structure for the knee.
Ligaments v Tendon Injuries
How do you know if you have damaged your ligament or your tendon?
Well to be honest the reason there is such a confusing overlap of what is what and where, is because the two are very alike. The simplest way to put it is that tendons attach muscle to bone and ligaments attach bone to bone. Sounds simple enough right? Well, the problem most people have is distinguishing between a ligament injury and a tendon injury due to their symptoms being very alike. So in order to understand them a little better know how to treat the things, we need to delve a little deeper…
Another reason these two get so mixed up is that both tendons and ligaments are made up of this connective tissue stuff called collagen fibres. However how this collagen is formed together is very different in each. In a tendon the fibres are parallel, allowing for more elasticity which if you think about the way muscles work and the amount of movement involved, this makes them more suited to connecting the muscle to the bone. The fibres in ligaments however criss-cross to keep the ligament stable and ultimately to support, stabilise and strengthen the bone joints.
Ligament Injuries Although ligaments are strong and rigid by nature, strains and sudden forces can cause them to rupture and tear which is a common sports injury. Damage is caused when the fibres become torn and the severity depends on the extent to which they have torn and the pain experienced as a result. Because of the lack of blood supply to the tissue, sometimes tears become permanent which can end in their removal. Also, if a ligament is stretched past a certain point, it can result in the ligament never returning to its original state.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) tears are the most common sport-related injury to the ligament. The ACL is found in the knee and is crucial for stability and therefore if torn, surgery may be required to correct the injury. The symptoms of an ACL injury are the feeling of your leg ‘giving-way’ followed by pain and swelling in the knee. Like with any potential ligament injury, If you feel you may have torn or damaged your ACL, it is crucial that you visit your doctor to confirm the injury and to rule out any other problems. Sometimes tears to the ACL do not always require surgical treatment however an untreated injury may result in further damage. These injuries are common in athletes, especially in sports such as football, rugby, hockey and basketball due to the high level of strain put on the knee through pivoting and lateral or twisting movements in the legs . These injuries can be prevented or treated with knee braces and supports.
Tendon Injuries Like with ligaments, tendons if over strained can become damaged and even snap. A partially torn tendon can cause swelling and discomfort but can be healed over time whereas a clean break in a tendon can cause a complete loss of movement and may result in permanent damage. The best treatment for an injured tendon would be to initially use an ice pack to reduce the swelling whilst keeping the injured area elevated. More serious damage or tears may require a splint in order to aid the healing process and as always that trusty taping and strapping can help with stabilising the area. In order to prevent damage to tendons, supports and braces can be used in order to give support to a vulnerable area as well as offering relief from an ongoing injury.
One of the most common tendon injuries in athletes is damage to the Achilles Tendon which connects the heel to the muscle in your lower leg and is caused by over strain or improper footwear. In order to prevent injury to this area, is to ensure that you warm up sufficiently before any vigorous sporting activity and also wearing supports which are specifically designed for that area.
Tendonitis is also a common injury in which involves the inflammation and swelling of a tendon resulting in pain and stiffness. This type of injury again can be caused through over straining of the tendon through sport and physical activity. Although an MRI or X-ray can confirm swelling of the tendon, a doctor can usually diagnose tendonitis without. Again, at the first signs of an inflamed tendon, an ice pack should be used to reduce the swelling and all physical activity should be stopped. Taking anti inflammatories can also help take any swelling down as well as offer some pain relief.
Researched By : Kátia C. Rowlands – Pilates Instructor & Personal Trainer – 082 513 4256

Self-Disciplined People Are Happier (and Not as Deprived as You Think)

It’s easy to think of the highly self-disciplined as being miserable misers or uptight Puritans, but it turns out that exerting self-control can make you happier not only in the long run, but also in the moment.
The research, which was published in the Journal of Personality, showed that self-control isn’t just about deprivation, but more about managing conflicting goals. Since most people associate highly disciplined folks with being more task-oriented — they’re not likely to be the life of the party, for example, or eager to act on a whim — the scientists decided to correlate self-control with people’s happiness, to determine if being self-disciplined leaves people feeling less joyful.
Through a series of tests — including one that assessed 414 middle-aged participants on self-control and asked them about their life satisfaction both currently and in the past — and another that randomly queried volunteers on their smartphones about their mood and any desires they might be experiencing, the researchers found a strong connection between higher levels of self-control and life satisfaction. The authors write that “feeling good rather than bad may be a core benefit of having good self-control, and being well satisfied with life is an important consequence.”



The smartphone experiment also revealed how self-control may improve mood. Those who showed the greatest self-control reported more good moods and fewer bad ones. But this didn’t appear to linked to being more able to resist temptations — it was because they exposed themselves to fewer situations that might evoke craving in the first place. They were, in essence, setting themselves up to happy. “People who have good self-control do a number of things that bring them happiness — namely, they avoid problematic desires and conflict,” says the study’s co-author Kathleen Vohs, professor of marketing at the University of Minnesota.

That became clear in the study’s last experiment, which investigated how self-control affects the way people handle goals that conflict with one another. In particular, the researchers were interested in how self-disciplined and less-disciplined people differed when it came to choosing among “virtues” or “vices” — like the pleasure of eating a sugar cookie vs. the pain of gaining weight. More than 230 participants were asked to list three important goal conflicts they experienced regularly — and then to rate how strongly the goals conflicted and how frequently they experienced the conflict. They were also queried on how they managed to balance the goals.
The highly self-controlled showed a distinct difference from those with less discipline over their lives. They tended to avoid creating situations in which their goals would conflict, and reported fewer instances of having to choose between short-term pleasure and long-term pain. The result? They experienced fewer negative emotions. The authors write that “one interpretation of this finding is that people use self-control to set up their lives so as to avoid problems.”
“[It’s a] very interesting study,” says Kristin Smith-Crowe, associate professor of management

 at the University of Utah, who was not connected with the research, “The authors address some of the most important questions in life: What leads to happiness and how can we achieve a life well lived?”

The answer, it seems, lies in being a good manager. Self-control, for one, may not consist so much of being better at resisting temptation, but at finding better ways to avoid it. “High self-control does make you happy,” the authors conclude.
So why does exerting more self-discipline seem so dreary? Dieting, for example, is all about self-control but isn’t necessarily associated with happy thoughts. Part of that may have to do with the effort required to bypass or diffuse conflicts created by temptation. “From other research, we know that exercising self-control is taxing,” says Smith-Crowe, but that may only be a perception, since it results from our tendency to focus on the difficulty of exercising discipline rather than the benefits that result when we do.
And self-control doesn’t always mean self-denial: it may mean saving now to get a big payoff later. For dieters, it means making choices to avoid entering a bakery since you’re more likely to buy a cupcake if you do. Granted, self-control isn’t the best route to instant gratification, but it may bring something even better: long-term contentment.

Researched By : Kátia C. Rowlands – Pilates Instructor & Personal Trainer – 082 513 4256•

Weird Facts

weird facts

Dead people can get goosebumps.

If you eat a polar bear liver, you will die. Humans can’t handle that much vitamin A.

There was a ten foot tall ape called Gigantopithecus that is now thought to be extinct. The fossil record also indicates that they most likely buried their dead, which indicates a cognitive level that only one other ape possesses.

If you were to remove all of the empty space from the atoms that make up every human on earth, the entire world population could fit into an apple

A mantis shrimp can swing its claw so fast it boils the water around it and creates a flash of light.

The brain named itself.

Olympus Mons is a mountain on Mars, which is about fifteen miles high, three times higher than Mount Everest on earth, and at the top it is 45 miles across!

Bitou News Welcome to Plett


Name & Surname
Joanna Chetty

From where did you relocate?

Why did you move to Plett?
Well my husband, myself and our baby came hereon holiday and we fell in love with the town, one thing lead to another and here we are.

What is your current occupation?
I work at Hair of Hollywood as a stylist and I am awesome at it ***big smile***

Do you have children? If yes please tell us more
My pride and joy is a bouncing (and I mean that literally) 10 month old girl.

What is your favourite meal?
I am typically South African so it braai, yeah!

What are your hobbies and interests?
Anyone with a 10 month old knows they consume all your time so for now she is my everything.

What is your favourite holiday destination?
If I really had to choose I would have to say Mauritius.

I never leave home without?
My high heels ***grin***

Tell us some interesting facts about yourself:
I can cook better than my mum….if you tell her this I will deny ever saying or having knowledge of this ***giggle***

Double Win for Iain Campbell at Plett Wedge Classic 2013

The Gremlin

Plettenberg Bay, 9th July 2013 – The annual Wedge Classic bodyboarding contest, held last week in Plettenberg Bay, was another huge highlight on the South African bodyboarding calendar, with riders from all the provinces gathering at the popular Wedge Beach in Plett to fight for the “King of the Wedge” title.

The competition was fierce, from the Boys division all the way of to the Pros, with conditions varying from testing to absolutely brilliant. SABA chairman, Michael van Huyssteen said: “Once again, a very well run event and, in all aspects, did South African Bodyboarding proud. The riding from all divisions was of a very high standard.”

Central Kwa-Zulu Natal rider, Iain Campbell was the definite champion of the Wedge Classic 2013, winning both the Drop Knee division and the Pro division, making him the undeniable “King of the Wedge”. He came up against tough competition in the Drop Knee final with Bradley Moys, Michael Ostler and Chris Green.


The Pro Man on Man final saw Iain again facing off with Bradley Moys, which was absolutely epic to watch! Ultimately, Iain Campbell clinched both titles, a feat achieved just last year by Sacha Specker. Iain said of his wins :”It is always amazing to be back in Plett for the Wedge. I am happy to be ‘King of the Wedge’ 2013 and to get the double title as Sacha did last year. The feeling is back at the Wedge and it was awesome to see everybody from all over the country there to enjoy the Wedge.”

With over 100 entries and daily crowds of 500+, The Plett Tourism catch-phrase of “it’s a feeling” was clearly in evidence on the beach and in the water. The Red Bull chill-out lounge and spinning station kept the riders on form during the contest and Red Bull’s Mobile music ensured that there was always something happening on the beach, with Wedge promo girls, soccer matches and a generally celebratory atmosphere as riders and spectators enjoyed that “Plett feeling”. Mike van Huyssteen said of organisers Offthehook Events: “The association with Offthehook Events is going to be a long one and here’s to another 18 years – at least!”

Another standout of the contest was 10 year old Alex Nutt, who took second place in the Boys division after some very consistent riding from Plett local, John-Barry Coleman. Alex, however, won “Best Move of the Contest” with a huge invert that saw him tied for this honour with South African Bodyboarding Champion, Tristan Roberts – which was then broken by a final vote from the Head Judge – with Alex winning!

South African Champion Tristan Roberts took the Juniors trophy after a tough battle with Plett locals, Nik Martin and Michael Searle, and WesternProvince’s Wilder Schultz, producing some of best moves of the contest! Another highlight was the Ladies division, which had 8 entrants, twice as many as last year’s Wedge Classic. SABA chairman said: “This is one the largest entries that I have seen at a South African Bodyboarding event.” The division was ultimately won by Janneke de Kock with Plett local, Nicky Gerricke in second.

It was great to see the local Plett kids placing so highly throughout the contest and, with intense provincial pride on display throughout, the South African Champs in September in Mossel Bay are sure to be thrilling. Next up on the South African Bodyboarding circuit is the “West Beach Warfare Contest” taking place from 9-11 August at West Beach, Port Alfred.•