It’s easy to think of the highly self-disciplined as being miserable misers or uptight Puritans, but it turns out that exerting self-control can make you happier not only in the long run, but also in the moment.
The research, which was published in the Journal of Personality, showed that self-control isn’t just about deprivation, but more about managing conflicting goals. Since most people associate highly disciplined folks with being more task-oriented — they’re not likely to be the life of the party, for example, or eager to act on a whim — the scientists decided to correlate self-control with people’s happiness, to determine if being self-disciplined leaves people feeling less joyful.
Through a series of tests — including one that assessed 414 middle-aged participants on self-control and asked them about their life satisfaction both currently and in the past — and another that randomly queried volunteers on their smartphones about their mood and any desires they might be experiencing, the researchers found a strong connection between higher levels of self-control and life satisfaction. The authors write that “feeling good rather than bad may be a core benefit of having good self-control, and being well satisfied with life is an important consequence.”
The smartphone experiment also revealed how self-control may improve mood. Those who showed the greatest self-control reported more good moods and fewer bad ones. But this didn’t appear to linked to being more able to resist temptations — it was because they exposed themselves to fewer situations that might evoke craving in the first place. They were, in essence, setting themselves up to happy. “People who have good self-control do a number of things that bring them happiness — namely, they avoid problematic desires and conflict,” says the study’s co-author Kathleen Vohs, professor of marketing at the University of Minnesota.
That became clear in the study’s last experiment, which investigated how self-control affects the way people handle goals that conflict with one another. In particular, the researchers were interested in how self-disciplined and less-disciplined people differed when it came to choosing among “virtues” or “vices” — like the pleasure of eating a sugar cookie vs. the pain of gaining weight. More than 230 participants were asked to list three important goal conflicts they experienced regularly — and then to rate how strongly the goals conflicted and how frequently they experienced the conflict. They were also queried on how they managed to balance the goals.
The highly self-controlled showed a distinct difference from those with less discipline over their lives. They tended to avoid creating situations in which their goals would conflict, and reported fewer instances of having to choose between short-term pleasure and long-term pain. The result? They experienced fewer negative emotions. The authors write that “one interpretation of this finding is that people use self-control to set up their lives so as to avoid problems.”
“[It’s a] very interesting study,” says Kristin Smith-Crowe, associate professor of management
at the University of Utah, who was not connected with the research, “The authors address some of the most important questions in life: What leads to happiness and how can we achieve a life well lived?”
The answer, it seems, lies in being a good manager. Self-control, for one, may not consist so much of being better at resisting temptation, but at finding better ways to avoid it. “High self-control does make you happy,” the authors conclude.
So why does exerting more self-discipline seem so dreary? Dieting, for example, is all about self-control but isn’t necessarily associated with happy thoughts. Part of that may have to do with the effort required to bypass or diffuse conflicts created by temptation. “From other research, we know that exercising self-control is taxing,” says Smith-Crowe, but that may only be a perception, since it results from our tendency to focus on the difficulty of exercising discipline rather than the benefits that result when we do.
And self-control doesn’t always mean self-denial: it may mean saving now to get a big payoff later. For dieters, it means making choices to avoid entering a bakery since you’re more likely to buy a cupcake if you do. Granted, self-control isn’t the best route to instant gratification, but it may bring something even better: long-term contentment.
Researched By : Kátia C. Rowlands – Pilates Instructor & Personal Trainer – 082 513 4256•
Dead people can get goosebumps.
If you eat a polar bear liver, you will die. Humans can’t handle that much vitamin A.
There was a ten foot tall ape called Gigantopithecus that is now thought to be extinct. The fossil record also indicates that they most likely buried their dead, which indicates a cognitive level that only one other ape possesses.
If you were to remove all of the empty space from the atoms that make up every human on earth, the entire world population could fit into an apple
A mantis shrimp can swing its claw so fast it boils the water around it and creates a flash of light.
The brain named itself.
Olympus Mons is a mountain on Mars, which is about fifteen miles high, three times higher than Mount Everest on earth, and at the top it is 45 miles across!
Name & Surname
From where did you relocate?
Why did you move to Plett?
Well my husband, myself and our baby came hereon holiday and we fell in love with the town, one thing lead to another and here we are.
What is your current occupation?
I work at Hair of Hollywood as a stylist and I am awesome at it ***big smile***
Do you have children? If yes please tell us more
My pride and joy is a bouncing (and I mean that literally) 10 month old girl.
What is your favourite meal?
I am typically South African so it braai, yeah!
What are your hobbies and interests?
Anyone with a 10 month old knows they consume all your time so for now she is my everything.
What is your favourite holiday destination?
If I really had to choose I would have to say Mauritius.
I never leave home without?
My high heels ***grin***
Tell us some interesting facts about yourself:
I can cook better than my mum….if you tell her this I will deny ever saying or having knowledge of this ***giggle***
Plettenberg Bay, 9th July 2013 – The annual Wedge Classic bodyboarding contest, held last week in Plettenberg Bay, was another huge highlight on the South African bodyboarding calendar, with riders from all the provinces gathering at the popular Wedge Beach in Plett to fight for the “King of the Wedge” title.
The competition was fierce, from the Boys division all the way of to the Pros, with conditions varying from testing to absolutely brilliant. SABA chairman, Michael van Huyssteen said: “Once again, a very well run event and, in all aspects, did South African Bodyboarding proud. The riding from all divisions was of a very high standard.”
Central Kwa-Zulu Natal rider, Iain Campbell was the definite champion of the Wedge Classic 2013, winning both the Drop Knee division and the Pro division, making him the undeniable “King of the Wedge”. He came up against tough competition in the Drop Knee final with Bradley Moys, Michael Ostler and Chris Green.
The Pro Man on Man final saw Iain again facing off with Bradley Moys, which was absolutely epic to watch! Ultimately, Iain Campbell clinched both titles, a feat achieved just last year by Sacha Specker. Iain said of his wins :”It is always amazing to be back in Plett for the Wedge. I am happy to be ‘King of the Wedge’ 2013 and to get the double title as Sacha did last year. The feeling is back at the Wedge and it was awesome to see everybody from all over the country there to enjoy the Wedge.”
With over 100 entries and daily crowds of 500+, The Plett Tourism catch-phrase of “it’s a feeling” was clearly in evidence on the beach and in the water. The Red Bull chill-out lounge and spinning station kept the riders on form during the contest and Red Bull’s Mobile music ensured that there was always something happening on the beach, with Wedge promo girls, soccer matches and a generally celebratory atmosphere as riders and spectators enjoyed that “Plett feeling”. Mike van Huyssteen said of organisers Offthehook Events: “The association with Offthehook Events is going to be a long one and here’s to another 18 years – at least!”
Another standout of the contest was 10 year old Alex Nutt, who took second place in the Boys division after some very consistent riding from Plett local, John-Barry Coleman. Alex, however, won “Best Move of the Contest” with a huge invert that saw him tied for this honour with South African Bodyboarding Champion, Tristan Roberts – which was then broken by a final vote from the Head Judge – with Alex winning!
South African Champion Tristan Roberts took the Juniors trophy after a tough battle with Plett locals, Nik Martin and Michael Searle, and WesternProvince’s Wilder Schultz, producing some of best moves of the contest! Another highlight was the Ladies division, which had 8 entrants, twice as many as last year’s Wedge Classic. SABA chairman said: “This is one the largest entries that I have seen at a South African Bodyboarding event.” The division was ultimately won by Janneke de Kock with Plett local, Nicky Gerricke in second.
It was great to see the local Plett kids placing so highly throughout the contest and, with intense provincial pride on display throughout, the South African Champs in September in Mossel Bay are sure to be thrilling. Next up on the South African Bodyboarding circuit is the “West Beach Warfare Contest” taking place from 9-11 August at West Beach, Port Alfred.•
Many beginners will walk into the gym, look around, and walk straight to the exercise machines. The chest press machine is probably the most popular of the weight lifting machines, but the average newbie will skip over the iron dumbbells and barbells in favor of the simpler, easier-to-use machines.
The Battle of Free Weights versus the Machines
Did you know that using free weights will actually help you to see muscle growth faster than using the machines will? Why is that, you may ask? Let’s take a look at the basic exercise every weightlifter does: The Bench Press.
Chest Press Machine
Sit down in the comfy chair, adjust the weight of your chest press and push. The handles of the machine just go straight forward, and you strain and push to extend your arms. You bring the handles back to your chest, and you push again to complete your set. Your chest gets a great workout, and your shoulders and triceps are hit at the same time. All in all, it’s a good workout.
Free Weight Bench Press
Lie back on the bench, reach up to grip the bar, and push the bar from its rest to hold it over your chest. Your shoulder and chest muscles twitch to keep the bar in its position as you adjust it, and your arms have to work with your core to keep the bar perfectly straight. Now, you slowly lower it to your chest, and you stop the weight just before your elbows crack a 90 degree angle. You have to push it back up, and you have to use your arm muscles in tandem to ensure that the bar stays level and centered over your chest. You finally get the weight back up, and you repeat the exercise to get a good workout for your chest.
What’s the Difference?
The difference between the two is the muscles that are used: The chest press machine works out the chest muscles, the arms, and the shoulders.
– The free weights work out the chest muscles, the arms, the shoulders, the back, and the core.
The bench press is designed just to hit the chest and triceps, but you can’t isolate the exercise enough to stop it from working out the muscles in your shoulders. However, with the free weights, your entire upper body has to work together to keep the weight balanced, level, and in position, and it will actually increase the number of muscles used to do the exercise. You will only see visible results in the chest and triceps muscles, but all of those other little muscles that have to hold the weight in place will become stronger as you get accustomed to doing bench presses. By the time you’re benching 300 pounds of free weights, your entire upper body will be a whole lot stronger and more powerful than it would be if you used the machine.
This is because working out with machines only hits the targeted prime movers–the larger muscles that you’re trying to hit. With free weights, all of the muscles around the prime mover are also included, as they help to keep the weight steady. If you want to see good results and better gain in your body overall, using free weights will work your muscles out a lot more evenly than machines will.
Note: The exception is the cable machine. The cable machine doesn’t have the limited range of motion that regular machines do, and it works similarly to free weights. The muscles surrounding the prime mover have to be engaged in order to move the cable in the direction you want it to go, so it’s just as handy as free weights.
3. RESEARCHED BY : KÁTIA C. ROWLANDS – Pilates Instructor & Personal Trainer – 082 513 4256•