Artists open studios to the public for charity

Seven Plettenberg Bay based artists will open their studios to the public for one day in aid of charity on Sunday, April 27.  Visitors have been invited to view the process behind the creation of a diverse array of works in various artistic media. The studios are all located between Harkerville and the Crags. Abstract and figurative painting, ink drawings and paintings, whimsical ceramics and conceptual sculpture are some of the styles one can expect to see.

The Artists: Carol Nathan Levin and Charles Levin, Ruby Ovenstone, Donne Rundle, David Kantey, Robbie Leggat,and Myfanwy Balajadia-Bekker will be available all day to answer any questions regarding their work.

A live demonstration of a bronze pouring will take place at Robbie Leggat’s bronze foundry at 11:00 in Harkerville. This is the only bronze foundry in the area.

The public will have an opportunity to see the messiness of the creative process, to see how the artist comes to their conclusion. “We don’t see the mess in the finished product,” said Nathan Levin.  The artists’ work will be for sale at at a discounted rate as compared to gallery prices on the day. A portion of the proceeds will benefit the Kids of Kurland Project (

Funds are always needed by this organisation to help to pay for additional teachers, a social worker and a special needs teacher at the Crags Primary School.

Tickets and maps can be purchased for R50 from Mungo Design at Old Nicks (off the N2) and The Shop (next to The Table Restaurant Plett’s Main Street). Visitors will be able to drive from studio to studio.

For further information, contact Ann Fermor on 082 452 8764.

Knowing The Reward and Punishment System for Dog Training


Knowing the techniques for dog training is very useful while some of it can bear negative results. It is normal to get different manners and opinions about dog training, so it is quite difficult to tell what best works.

The most common confusion comes in the opinion as to when to give a reward or when to rebuke a dog. So here are some tips that will surely help you out on this aspect.

A dog-training instructor may have told you to keep it calm, cool and positive during the dog training, to always keep a positive atmosphere for your dog. Still, actually we need to be strict and be stern at some situations.

However, it is advisable not to scold your dogs always as dogs tend to respond better when given positive attitude from their trainer. It is then important to understand when to praise your dog.

You should reward your dog when he gives positive response as to your commands. When he sits, stays, lies down or does things in proper order, he should receive a reward every time he obeys. Rewards can anything be like kind words, treats, rub on the belly or a pat on his head. Positive training makes the learning process for dogs a lot more fun and easier. The main idea is your dog actually wants to obey and please you and they will respond better when praised. Just make sure that he does not get a reward when he disobeys.

Scolding is the last resort, used when only necessary. You can reprimand your dog when he breaks something, excretes where is not supposed to excrete, barks or growls. However, do not scold the dog when you have not seen him do something wrong or else the dog will not understand the reason for your scolding. A simple, quick and sharp “NO!” or “Bad Dog!” is enough to serve as a stern warning.

An angry voice or condemning tone, crisp and sharp is the proper way for scolding. But is the scolding becomes too frequent the dog might actually start ignoring your reproaches. Another no-no is hitting the dog; this will complicate things in the future.

There are certain things that you should keep in mind when praising or scolding a dog. You should always remember that your pet has only started the learning process and is trying to give his best to please you. So be patient with your training. If you try to be more loving and understanding enough, the training will be way easier and fun experience for both of you.•


Your daily morning coffee ritual could be helping your heart.A study conducted by universities Harvard and Brigham and the Women’s Hospital in Boston has concluded that moderate caffeine consumption (people who consumed more than three cups of coffee a month) had a 17 per cent reduction in the relative risk of BCC (basal cell carcinoma) versus individuals who drank less than one cup per month. A growing body of research also suggests that coffee drinkers, compared to nondrinkers, are less likely to have type 2 diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, and dementia, and have fewer cases of certain cancers, heart rhythm problems and strokes. Coffee also contains minerals such as magnesium and chromium, which help the body use the hormone insulin, which controls blood sugar (glucose). In type 2 diabetes, the body loses its ability to use insulin and regulate blood sugar effectively.

Coffee has also been linked to lower risk of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. A 2009 study from Finland and Sweden showed that, out of 1400 people followed for about 20 years, those who reported drinking three to five cups of coffee daily were 65 per cent less likely to develop dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, compared with nondrinkers or occasional coffee drinkers. In 2009, a study of 83,700 nurses enrolled in the long-term Nurses’ Health Study showed a 20 per cent lower risk of stroke in those who reported drinking two or more cups of coffee daily compared to women who drank less coffee or none at all.

Too much coffee, however, if you are pregnant, may increase the chances of giving birth to an underweight baby. New findings from a large Scandinavian study suggest current guidelines on caffeine consumption during pregnancy may not go far enough.

A daily dose of between 200 and 300 milligrams of caffeine – roughly equivalent to one cup of fresh coffee or two cups of instant – increased the risk of a baby being small for gestational age (SGA) by up to 62 per cent. Currently the World Health Organisation recommends a caffeine consumption limit of 300 milligrams per day for pregnant women. In the UK, Nordic countries and the US, the limit is set lower at 200 milligrams. However, the new study shows that even 200 milligrams per day of caffeine can increase SGA risk. Researched By : Kátia C. Rowlands – Pilates Instructor & Personal Trainer  082 513 4256•

Suid-Kaapse meubelhoutsoorte

Danie praat inheems


In die Suid-Kaap, vanaf Grootbrakrivier tot Humansdorp, is daar ongeveer 65 000 ha inheemse woude – die grootste inheemse woude in SA.  Die gebied is ongeveer 250 km lank en die bosse kom gebroke voor op die kusplato en die laer hellings van die Tsitsikamma en Outeniekwaberge.  Tweederdes, nl 43 000 ha behoort aan die staat. Van die ongeveer 130 boomspesies in hierdie woude is Stinkhout, die twee Geelhoutspesies en Hardepeer die belangrikste meubelhoutsoorte.  Daar is egter ‘n hele paar ander soorte wat ook geskik is vir meubels, nl Rooi-els, Perdepram, Essenhout, Witpeer, Boekenhout , Kaapse  kiaat en  Ysterhout (in die veneer-vorm).  Ysterhout is eintlik te swaar vir meubels en as jy dit het, moet jy maar lewenslank in dieselfde huis bly want dit weeg 75 lb per kubieke voet droog! Die mees gesogte boomspesies onder meubelmakers is die volgende: Ocotea bullata (Stinkhout).  Dit is baie gewild vir prestige meubels.  Die hout het verskillende skakerings van bruin tot byna swart en is maklik bewerkbaar.  Vars gekapte bome het ‘n kenmerkende en selfs onaangename reuk. Podocarpus falcatus (Kalander).  Hout is geel met ‘n egalige tekstuur.  Dit is baie geskik vir meubels en paneelwerk.  Die banke in die moederkerk in Knysna en Wittedrif is van Kalanderhout. Podocarpus latifolius (Opregte geelhout).  Die hout is bleekgeel, met ‘n gelykmatige tekstuur en deur meubelmakers beskou as van ‘n effens beter gehalte as Kalander.  Kalander het egter meer figuur in die hout.  Dit is ook baie geskik vir meubels en paneelwerk. Olinia ventosa (Hardepeer).  Die kleur van die hout wissel van geel tot bruin met ‘n fyn en reëlmatige tekstuur.  Dit is voorheen hoofsaaklik in wamakery gebruik en as vloere en panele.  Sedert die middel 1980’s het meubelmakers dit begin gebruik as meubelhout en vandag is dit een van die mees gesogte meubelhoutsoorte in Knysna.  Die hout se pryse het opgeskiet op die jaarlikse houtveilings en behaal hoër pryse as geelhout en byna gelykstaande aan stinkhout se prys.  Ongelukkig verteenwoordig Hardepeer slegs 0,9% in die Suid-Kaapse woude en is dus nie geredelik beskikbaar nie. Foto:  Blomme Hardepeer.

Kontak Danie by: Selfoon 082 320 1833 of 044 531 6790 E-pos Hy woon in Nature’s Valley in die “Oupa Daan” – Huis in St George’s laan 245.


Monday  21st April 2014
No Lecture due to Public Holiday ( Family Day )

Tuesday  22nd April 2014
Italian Conversation
09H45  at 12 Challenge Drive
Co-ordinator:  Brenda Hardy  044-533-5489

Wednesday  23rd April 2014
Rise of Animals  :  Triumph of the Vertebrates
( Part 2 of 2 ) :  Dawn of the Mammals
David Attenborough traces the evolution
of the most complexs animals yet to appear on Earth
An organ that has always played a vital role in safeguarding
young mamals is illustrated by a close look at elephants.
10H00  at Formosa Garden Village Lounge
Co-ordinator:  Angela Embleton  044-533-1437

Wednesday  23rd April 2014
U3A Plett  Social Bridge Club
Supervised bridge in a friendly atmosphere
with tips for improving your play.
13H45  at the Angling Club
Co-ordinator:  Michael Webb  082-226-7280

Friday  25th April 2014
Birding in Kranshoek ; U3A April Expedition
Gareth Robbins guides Birding and Nature Walk starting at 08H30
Numbers limited and cost of R60 per person
Co-ordinator; Michael Lond 044-533-0018

Friday  25th April 2014
French Conversation
10H00 at  7 Glennifer Street
Co-ordinator:  Merle Decot   044-533-5879

Friday  25th April 2014
Mah Jong
Learn and play this ancient and fascinating game.
14H00  at Formosa Garden Village Small Dining Room
Co-ordinator:  Amelia White  044-533-0113

Keep Your Pet in a Comfortable Environment

As a pet owner, you must be conscious of your pet’s health because you are your beloved pet’s primary caregiver. Since your pets provide so much for you, it is only normal that you would want to provide them with the most comfortable environment possible. Here are some ways to ensure that your cat, dog or other type of pet is in the best environment possible.

Pet Boarding

Pet boarding services are suitable for pets whose owners are unavailable to take care of them for a certain length of time. In general, the duration of the pet boarding can vary from one night to a few month’s time. This service can be offered to a variety of pets, ranging anywhere from horses to hamsters. Pet boarding services usually include feeding, playing with the pets, training and other activities. With today’s technology, some boarding/day care centers have even installed web cameras so that you can watch your pet live on your computer while you are away to ensure that they are in the best hands. Pet boarding is a great option to consider.

Pet Daycare

Pet daycare is something quite different from pet boarding. Unlike with pet boarding, pet daycare services usually deal with taking care of the pets while the owners are at work or out for the day. At the end of the workday, the pet owners will pick their pets up from the pet daycare provider. Pet daycare services are often offered to dogs but can involve other animals as well. At pet daycare, the pets usually have everything they need from food bowls to toys and more. It is a great way for the dog or other animal to receive care and get to interact with other pets during the day.

Pet Spas

The current trend in pet care is pet spas. The main focus of pet spas is small animals like dogs, cats, ferrets, guinea pigs and rabbits. At pet spas, the pets are often trained, exercised, pampered and groomed. There are oftentimes do-it-yourself pet spas where the owners have to train and groom their own pets in order to improve the bond between them but the spa will provide the necessary space and grooming equipment such as the wash basin, shampoo and nail clippers. Whichever type of pet spa you choose, your pet is sure to love the pampering aspect to it.

If you are looking for pet care services, keep these previously mentioned services in mind and provide your pet with the best care possible.•

Iron-Rich Bananas To Help Women

The humble banana could become the newest weapon in the global war against iron deficiency, and subsequently, maternal deaths. Women often fall victim to tiredness and fatigue and though many pass these symptoms off as the consequence of leading busy lives, a simple blood test could reveal a very different source for why they’re feeling low. Iron deficiency is the most common dietary deficiency in the world, mostly affecting women and children, and especially pregnant women. In the developing world, iron deficiency has had more serious implications, and is a leading cause of maternal death in nutrition deficient populations. In India alone, one maternal death is reported every 10 minutes according to the United Nations, with a recorded 57,000 maternal deaths in the south-asian nation in 2010.

IMPORTANCE OF IRON Iron plays a crucial role in our body. It is integral in transporting oxygen to vital organs in the body, transmitted through haemoglobin in our red-blood cells. When we are low on iron, this inhibits our body’s ability to circulate oxygen, blocking enzymes responsible for energy metabolism and neurotransmitters for the brain. This results in a lack of concentration and focus, as well as paleness, shortness of breath, and fatigue. However, the symptoms and effects to our health may not become apparent until our iron stores are severely depleted. Safeguarding our bodies from iron deficiency can be done naturally by promoting our body’s natural absorption of the vital nutrient. Top tips to boosting your iron levels: Eat a variety of iron rich foods, such as lean meats, wholegrain cereals, beans, and lentils to promote natural iron absorption. Eat foods with a high content of vitamin C, as this helps the body to absorb iron. Fruits and vegetables contain vitamin C, but citrus fruits, berries, kiwi, tomatoes and capsicum are especially rich choices. Take a good daily multivitamin that will further assist in the absorption of iron from foods. (Always see your doctor or healthcare professional before deciding to take these supplements, as excessive consumption of iron  can be toxic for the body and harm your immune system.)

RESEARCHED BY : KÁTIA C. ROWLANDS – Pilates Instructor & Personal Trainer – 082 513 4256  •

The complexity of contracting internationally

Globalisation has opened the door to individuals and businesses to become bolder and more internationally active. This implies a greater degree of international contracting. Although substantial benefitsbenefits can arise from expanding your business internationally, it can also present many difficulties if you are unaware of the legal consequences of contracting in the international arena, particularly where you are involved in a contractual dispute with an international party. Private international law regulates the dealings between people of different nations and the question of which legal system should be applied to a specific legal situation. It is not a segment of public international law and as such is not governed by international conventions that different States signsign and incorporate into their law. For this reason, private international law does not provide universal solutions in respect of international contracting. Private international law depends predominantly on numerous concepts and case law from which it draw its authority. These sources merely serve as guidelines to determine which legal system should reign over a specific relationship. Fortunately, the use of conventions to regulate private international law is becoming a more attractive notion, but until this is followed by all nations, the lack of uniformity will continuecontinue to cause uncertainty. The result is, that where international dealings are not conducted correctly, a lengthy procedure may ensue to determine which legal system is suitable and just to resolve the dispute. A contract cannot exist without an empowering legal system whose norms specify that a contractual obligation exists. In other words, a contract draws its authority from a legal system. This can be illustrated by way of example: Person A, living in South Africa, and Person B, who is a resident of Italy, wish to enterenter into a contract with one another. Both parties agree that the contract is to be executed in China. Later on in their contractual relationship, a dispute arises. Which legal system prevails? South African law, Italian law or Chinese law? In such a case, private international law is implored to determine the law to govern the contract.

The solution is encapsulated in a concept known as ‘party autonomy’. When a court has to determine which law governs a contract, there are three possibilities: 1.Expressly chosen law; 2.Impliedly chosen law; or 3.The most closely connected law.

The first solution would require the parties to ensure that the desired legal system is expressed in their contract. This means stating the governing system specifically in their contract and eliminating any doubt as to the possibility of any other legal system having influence over the contract’s governance. For example, the parties choosechoose the law of China to govern their contract. Secondly, if the parties do not expressly state which system should govern their relationship, the court then determines whether the parties have chosen the legal system tacitly. In layman terms, this means determining whether the parties left hints within the contractcontract which indirectly points to a specific legal system. Tacit choice can be inferred from any indication which can be manipulated into the formation of a choice by the parties. Lastly, should the parties fail to make a choice altogether (either expressly or tacitly), the courts will then assign an appropriate law. This is a process adopted by the courts which involves an investigation into all the legal systems involved within the contractcontract and identifying the legal system with which the contract has its closest and most real connection. From the above it is clear, that uncertainty in an international contract as to the applicable legal system and how to deal with contractual disputes, may result in a very costly and time-consuming exercise of having to determine firstly the applicable legal system and then the adjudication of the dispute in terms of that system. So, before you take the bold step internationally, get smart and obtain the necessary advice so you can approach your international contracting armed with the necessary knowledge to avoid headaches later. •

Mosdel Parma & Cox 044 533 1101


Danie praat inheems


Inheemse bosse kan in ses tipes ingedeel word.  Ek gee telkens voorbeelde van plekke in ons omgewing waar dit voor kom.

Medium vogtige hoë woud: Op plekke met ‘n gematigde tot vogtige klimaat en meestal digte leemgronde.  Hier kom vertraagde dreinasie voor en gronde bly die hele jaar vogtig.  Ysterhout is volop en hul krone steek hoog bo die bos uit.  Baie algemeen is Opregte Geelhout wat ook tot die kroondak groei.  Kalander is skaarser maar groot bome word aangetref.  Ander dominante soorte is Witpeer, Hardepeer, Kershout en Boekenhout en ook Assegaai, Vlier en Stinkhout.  Voorbeeld: Langs die gewilde “Boardwalk” net anderkant die Grootrivierbrug by Nature’s Valley.

Vogtige hoë woud:  Op oostelike en suidelike hange op gelykdele van die hoër plato. Die leemgrond is matig tot diep en bedek met ‘n welige grondlaag plante.  In die kroonlaag is Ysterhout en Kalander (tot 50m hoog) en in die bolaag vind jy Witpeer, Vlier, Stinkhout, Opregte geelhout, Boekenhout en hier en daar Without en Wildeperske  Voorbeeld:  Van Harkerville af na die see toe.

Droë hoë woud:  Op die laer plato van westelike en noordelike hellings met ‘n matige warm en droë klimaat.  Die kroondak hier is laer en 10-18m hoog.  Bome in die kroonlaag is Kershout (volop), Witpeer, Kwar, Saffraan, Assegaai, Perdepram, Kalander, Opregte geelhout, Boekenhout ens.  Voorbeeld:  Oos van Diepwalle op pad na Wittedrift.

Nat hoë bos:  Op gelykdele van die oostelike en suidelike hange en in smal valleie met ‘n koel, klimaat.  Die kroondak is ongeveer 12 – 20m hoog.  In die bolaag is Stinkhout, Rooi-els, Opregte geelhout – ook Kammasie, Vlier, Boekenhout, Wit-els, Kershout en ‘n paar ander soorte.  Voorbeeld:  Noord van Diepwalle op hoër dele.

Baie droë struikbos:  Op suidwestelike hange van die voorheuwels en bestaan uit bome van 6-10m hoog en 3-6m struike op ‘n digte grondlaag.  Rooi-els is volop in die kroondak en ander ook Notsung, Stinkhout, Wit-els, Opregte geelhout, Boekenhout en Keur.  Minder opvallend is Without, Ysterhout en Kershout.  Voorbeeld:  Noord van Knysna op laer heuwels.

Baie nat struikbos:  Teen hoër suidelike en oostelike hellings en rotsagtige valleie en klowe.  Die klimaat is koud en mistig en die gronde is vlak.  Die struikbos hier is maar 3-5m hoog.  Soorte hier is onder andere Sterappel, Notsung, Stokroos, Tolbos, Bergsipres en Keur.  Hier kom ook heelwat varings voor –  Blechnum-soorte en ook Kloutervaring (Gleuchenia).  Voorbeeld:  Hoër dele van die Outenikwaberge se suidelike en oostelike hellings.